|If you type:||Resultsare returned for:|
|neareast||the words near and east|
|“near east”||the exact phrase “near east”|
|Byzantine near east||the word byzantine directly before or after the word east|
|“Byzantine near east”||the exact phrase “byzantine near east”|
Truncation allows a search for a term and its variations by entering a minimum of the first three letters of the term followed by an asterisk (*). For example, securit* retrieves records that contain security, securities, securitization, etc.
Wildcards are special characters used to represent additional characters in a search term. They are useful when the user is unsure of spelling, when there are alternate spellings, or when they only know part of a term.
- A hash mark (#), represents a single character. For example, wom#n retrieves results for the words woman and women
- A question mark (?) represents any number of additional characters. Include a number if you know the maximum number of characters the wildcard will replace. For example, fine?2 retrieves records that contain the word fine, plus up to two other characters, such as finer or finest.
|Operator||Description||A search for…||Will return results…|
plus sign +
OR (uppercase only)
This is the default search operator. WorldCat searching uses +, which tries to find all of the words typed in the search box. Note: Any search for terms without an operator will return items with all the words.
The use of OR, or the | symbol, will search for either of the words listed in the search box.
guns germs steel
guns + germs + steel
Paris OR fashion
Paris | fashion
with all of the words
entered into the search box: guns, germs, steel
with any of the terms entered in the search box: Paris OR fashion